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Are door closers required on hollow metal doors?

Are door closers required on hollow metal doors?

In commercial buildings, hollow metal doors are often used due to their durability and security features. One important component of a commercial hollow metal door is the door closer, which helps to control the speed at which the door opens and closes. But are door closers required on a commercial hollow metal door? In this article, we will discuss the regulations and codes that govern the installation of door closers on commercial hollow metal doors.

Regulations and Codes for Door Closers on Commercial Hollow Metal Doors

In the United States, the installation of door closers on commercial hollow metal doors is regulated by a variety of codes and standards. These codes and standards are designed to ensure that commercial buildings are safe and accessible for all individuals, including those with disabilities.

One of the most important codes related to commercial door closers is the Americans with Disabilities Act (ADA). The ADA sets forth requirements for the installation and operation of door closers to ensure that they are accessible to individuals with disabilities. Specifically, the ADA requires that door closers be adjusted to close the door at a speed that does not exceed 5 feet per second, and that the door be able to be opened with a maximum force of 5 pounds. This ensures that individuals with disabilities, such as those who use wheelchairs or have limited mobility, can easily access and use the door.

Another important code related to door closers is the International Building Code (IBC). The IBC sets forth guidelines for the installation and operation of door closers in commercial buildings. Specifically, the IBC requires that door closers be installed on all fire-rated doors, as well as doors that are part of an exit access or exit. This helps to ensure that in the event of a fire or emergency, the doors will close automatically and prevent the spread of smoke and flames.

The IBC also requires that door closers be adjusted to ensure that the door latches securely and that the door does not slam shut. This helps to prevent injury to individuals in the vicinity of the door and ensures that the door is securely closed and locked when not in use.

Benefits of Door Closers on Commercial Hollow Metal DoorsIn addition to meeting regulatory requirements, there are several benefits to installing door closers on commercial hollow metal doors. These include improved energy efficiency, enhanced security, and improved indoor air quality.

Door closers help to improve energy efficiency by preventing drafts and air leaks around the door. This helps to keep the indoor temperature consistent and reduces the workload on heating and cooling systems, leading to lower energy costs.

Door closers also enhance security by ensuring that the door is securely closed and locked when not in use. This helps to prevent unauthorized access and improves the overall security of the building.

Finally, door closers can help to improve indoor air quality by preventing the infiltration of outside air and contaminants. This is particularly important in commercial buildings, where indoor air quality can have a significant impact on the health and productivity of building occupants.

Conclusion

In conclusion, door closers are generally required on commercial hollow metal doors to ensure compliance with regulatory codes and standards. In addition to meeting regulatory requirements, door closers offer several benefits, including improved energy efficiency, enhanced security, and improved indoor air quality. If you are unsure whether a door closer is required on your commercial hollow metal door, it is recommended that you consult with a professional installer or technician who can provide guidance and assistance.

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